Acupuncture treatment involves fine needles being inserted through the skin and briefly left in position. The number of needles varies but may be only two or three. The acupuncture needles stimulate the nerves in skin and muscle, and can produce a variety of effects. We know that it increases the body’s release of natural painkillers – endorphin and serotonin – in the pain pathways of both the spinal cord and the brain. This modifies the way pain signals are received.
Acupuncture is effective in a range of painful conditions and is commonly used for short-term relief of chronic low back pain and neck pain, and can help with the management of knee pain caused by osteoarthritis.
There is good evidence that it is effective in the short term relief of tension type headaches and migraine, and of temporomandibular joint pain